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The Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad Trip 6/24/2015

by Chris Guenzler

Robin and I arose before driving to Brunswick, Maine and eating at McDonald's where I had my usual hot cakes and sausage. We found the Brunswick Amtrak station before driving east on US 1 to Wiscasset where we made our way to the parking lot of the Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad.

The sign for this unique railroad. We parked and saw a big white tent.

They had held a wedding in the tent the day before our visit here.

Here is a piece of maintenance equipment.

This 1925 Ford Railbus would give us a ride on the railroad. Here we met Steward "Stort" Rhine who hosted us today. Also here was Phillip Nilsson from Durango who was visiting this unique railroad.

History of the WW&F Railway and the Wiscasset and Quebec Railroad

The narrow gauge's roots date back to the 1830's when the townspeople of Wiscasset, Maine wished to revive their dying seaport with a railroad connection, and when the state legislature was interested in establishing a railroad connection with Quebec. The Kennebec and Wiscasset Railroad was chartered in 1854 to build Wiscasset's connection to other railroads. Little action was taken until the 1890's when a few wealthy locals revived the dream and the Kennebec and Wiscasset's successor, the Wiscasset and Quebec Railroad, was formed. It was decided that in order to save on construction and operation costs, the W&Q would be a two foot gauge road.

Construction began in June 1894. Operations to Weeks Mills, 28 miles north of Wiscasset, began on February 20, 1895. Albion, 44 miles away and the end of the first leg to Quebec, was reached in November of that year. The company, in debt, paused in their push for Quebec at this point. Several years later, the second leg was started, but was halted by Maine Central tracks at Burnham Junction.

Settling down to business, the W&Q bought two brand new Portland Company Forneys, numbers 2 & 3, in 1894. Operations were sufficient to provide enough income to keep going, but the W&Q had accumulated a lot of debt during construction and afterwards. After several periods in receivership, it was bought out by a gentleman by name of Leonard Atwood, who reorganized the railroad into the Wiscasset, Waterville and Farmington Railroad in 1901. The W&Q was dead for the time being.

Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad

While the WW&F dealt with operating in the Sheepscot Valley, the same Leonard Atwood chartered two companies to build to Farmington. The Franklin Construction Company would build from Weeks Mills to Waterville, while the Franklin, Somerset and Kennebec would build from the Sandy River Railroad in Farmington and meet the branch from Weeks Mills. The FCC started building a bridge over the Kennebec River. The approaches were completed before the venture ran out of money and the bridge was never finished. The railroad was built between Winslow and Weeks Mills, but the lack of the connection doomed the branch. The FS&K was stillborn from lack of interest by the SRRR and the Maine Central. Had the FS&K met up with the WW&F, it would have resulted in a huge two foot gauge empire, stretching from the mountains to the sea.

When the FCC presented the line to Winslow to the WW&F, they brought with them a brand new 28-ton Forney locomotive, which became number 4. Four was a bit unusual, with a metal cab all around the tank and slightly top-heavy, but excellent in snow plow duty. The 4 was the engine in charge at the Mason's Wreck, in 1905, and as a result was given a wooden cab afterward.

After ten years of operations, the railroad was deteriorating from lack of money to keep things in shape. Business was decent as they were hauling lumber from the woods and coal to the American Woolen Company in Vassalboro on the way to Winslow. They also had the mail contract and hauled passengers and many miscellaneous goods for the valley. However with their shaky past, they went into receivership in 1907, with the railroad being auctioned off to the highest bidder.

Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railway

Help arrived in the form of Carson C. Peck, vice president of F.W. Woolworth Company, who paid the sum of $93,000 after spirited bidding. He reorganized the WW&F Railroad into the WW&F Railway, paying off all debts and establishing a capital improvement account in the bargain. Working closely with General Manager Sam Sewall, he authorized for any necessary improvements, including three new locomotives. Engine 5 arrived from the Bridgton and Saco River, and was a Hinckley Forney. Engines 6 & 7 were brand new Baldwins, and were the largest locomotives the road had. Six was a beautiful Prairie-type locomotive, similar to what the Sandy River had, and was built for freight hauling. Seven was a sleek and powerful passenger locomotive. Carson Peck's administration was the best thing to come along for the impoverished railroad.

Business continued for the next 20 years. At the height of business, the road owned some 90 freight cars and 6 passenger cars, along with engines 1 through 7. Despite this, the railroad never became a big money-maker, but always made enough to stay in the black. Engine 1 was scrapped in 1913 as it was old (built in the 1880's for the Sandy River), as was 5 from a burned crown sheet.

Agriculture was the primary business of the WW&F. Potatoes became a big business as did poultry and lumber. The railroad also had the mail contract. The American Woolen Company was the Winslow branch's biggest customer, until the Augusta, Lewiston and Waterville Street Railway (later the Androscoggin and Kennebec Railway) was built through Vassalboro and stole the coal contract. The Winslow branch was scrapped bits at a time until it was completely gone by the mid 1920's.

Carson Peck died in 1915, passing the presidency to his wife Clara, and the actual management of the railroad to the Peck family attorney, Samuel Child. By the beginning of the 1920's, the railroad was beginning to feel the pressure from cars and trucks taking business away bit by bit. The railroad continued to be profitable but only at the expense of maintenance. The Peck family also wanted some return for their money, so they began demanding dividends in 1922. One of these dividend requests, in 1925, brought on the next financial crisis, as the railroad faced the scrappers. The road refinanced itself by offering common stock, which was actually bought up by some of the towns on the right of way. They bought out the Peck family for $50,000 and continued operation.

However, things were already slipping. Maintenance and business continued their downhill spiral as potatoes left the Sheepscot Valley and trucks continued their inroads on business. In 1930, the WW&F was again faced with giving up, again went into receivership, and was once again saved, this time by Mr. Frank Winter, a businessman with lumber interests in Palermo. He completely bought up the railroad.

Mr. Winter's main interest was keeping the lumber flowing and maintenance was a low priority. In order to cut expenses in this era of the Great Depression, he fired just about everybody. However, in 1932, he began making improvement efforts, including buying two four-masted schooners and stabilizing the Wiscasset wharf.

But things continued falling apart. Engines 6 and 7 burned in an enginehouse fire in 1931. Boiler inspectors told the railroad that their remaining locomotives, numbers 2, 3, and 4 would be condemned the next year. To solve this, Frank Winter bought the entire Kennebec Central Railroad, in Randolph, just for their two engines. These engines became numbers 8 and 9. Both were Portland Forneys. Eight had originally come from the B&SR. Nine had started life as Sandy River 5, then SR&RL 6 before being sold to the KC.

Nine operated intermittently with the Three from early February 1933, until June 13, 1933, when it was sidelined by a break in the rear frame. Eight operated for the next two days until June 15, when on the down trip from Albion she jumped the track in Whitefield and nosed down the bank toward the Sheepscot. The crew continued on to Wiscasset in a motor railcar, but that was the last regular train on the Wiscasset, Waterville and Farmington.

The mail contract was honored until October, with the "RPO" operating out of an International panel truck. The railroad, however, sat for the next three years, until Frank Winter gave up on the idea of selling the line to someone and decided to scrap it. Scrapping operations were slow and sporadic. Most of the mainline rail was ripped up in 1934 to satisfy unpaid bills. In 1937 the rolling stock was tipped over for the metal. The husks of Engines 2 through 7 were scrapped in Wiscasset Yard. Eight was cut up right where it had been left and its pieces were hauled away.

The only exceptions to this destruction was Engine 9, Flatcar 118, Boxcars 309 and 312, a tip car and Coaches 3, 9, 118, 309 and a quarter mile of rail from the Kennebec Central Railroad were bought by a group of railfans. Everything except Boxcar 312 have found their way back to the WW&F Railway Museum, more than 70 years later. Scrapping in Wiscasset Yard took place in 1937.

WW&F Museum Collection

The rolling stock bought by the group of railfans was stored on the farm of Frank Ramsdell of West Thompson. No. 9 was kept in a shed, while the other pieces were outdoors. The plan was to build an amusement park. This never happened. The investors lost interest and the pieces rested on the Ramsdell farm.

Frank's daughter Alice Ramsdell inherited the farm on Frank's death. Alice held on to the WW&F pieces - she absolutely would not sell, especially No. 9. She did allow tours of the property, however.

Meanwhile, back in Maine, WW&F owner Frank Winter still owned the right of way and station buildings. The towns along the roadbed continued to tax him for these properties. Finally, to avoid many small but annoying property tax bills, he created the Winter Scientific Institutes and transferred ownership of the former railroad's properties to that company. The Institutes administered the dispersal of the properties, although the land was remarkably slow to move. In 1985 the Institutes sold all the remaining property, most of which was bought up by one Harry Percival, Jr. of Alna.

This same Harry Percival had been working to restore the road for many years. He struck up an acquaintance with Alice Ramsdell, even going so far as doing some preventative maintenance on the pieces (although he would end up doing more farm work than car work). Once he bought the right-of-way, he applied for a charter to start a corporation called the Wiscasset and Quebec Railroad, with a view to rebuilding a small portion of it. He received word back from the state that the W&Q had never been declared abandoned, and were he to hold a stockholder's meeting he could get the corporation back in business. Thus, the original Wiscasset and Quebec Railroad corporation was back. In 1989 the Museum was formed and thus the story of the WW&F continues to this day.

Our Visit

We would start our tour through the Wiscasset station built in 2004.

Inside of the Wiscasset station.

This block gives the user clearance to ride down the railroad with his train.

WW&F crew log-in mat.

Revere Sugar 0-4-4RT 10 "High Pockets" built by Vulcan Iron Works in 1904 for Underwood, Short & Reeves at Belleview Plantation, Lousiana. It was later sold to Sterling Sugars Incorporated in Franklin, Louisiana then became Dugas & LeBlanc Limited 4 at Westfield Plantation, Painecourtville, Lousiana before being sold again, this time to Elray Kocke Service at Donaldsonville, Lousiana. Its last sale was to Edaville Corporation as their 5 at South Carver, Massachusetts. In 1960, it was moved to Pleasure Island & Wakefield Railroad and namd "Betsy" then in 1962, moved to South Carver, Massachusetts.

The builder's plate of this locomotive.

A speeder built by Red Seal.

Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad box car 309 built by the Portland Company from flat car 29 in 1894.

Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad hand car 2.

Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington railroad passenger coach 3 built by Jackson and Sharp in 1894. The coach was sold by the WW&F to the Bridgton & Saco River Railroad about 1912, becoming 18. The coach survived the scrapping drives of the late 1930s to be bought by Ellis D. Atwood and moved to South Carver. Atwood gave its old number and lettering back on his railroad, Edaville, for a while. The coach survived sixty years of running, plus a fire that nearly consumed it in the late 1980s, to be brought back to Maine in 1994 as part of the collection at Maine Narrow Gauge Railroad Company and Museum in Portland. The WW&F Railway Museum leased it from MNGRR in 1999 and purchased it in 2011. The coach remains operational but is usually reserved for special events.

The tender of Revere Sugar 0-4-4RT 10.

Track equipment.


WW&F 0-4-4ST 9 built by the Portland Company in 1891 as Sandy River Railroad as 5 "N.B. Beal". It was later re-numbered 6 after the Sandy River's consolidation with the other two-foot railroads in Franklin County. It was sold in 1923 to the Kennebec Central as their 4. Frank Winter bought the KC for its two operational engines in early 1933 and it was re-numbered to 9. Nine ran off and on until June 8 that year when it was sidelined for a broken frame member. This engine made the final run on the original WW&F in 1934 when engineer Earl Keef ran it to the Top of the Mountain for prospective buyers of the railroad. 9 was sold to Frank Ramsdell in 1937 who kept it in Connecticut and was later cared for by his daughter, Alice. It returned to home rails in 1995. This engine is now fully restored and is the pride of the WW&F Railway Museum.

This engine is the only surviving locomotive of the original WW&F Railway, the Kennebec Central and the Sandy River and Rangeley Lakes system.

Portable air compressor.

Tools of the trade.

The drill press.

More tools of the trade.

The new car shop under construction.

The restroom building.

A view of the Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad engine house.

The steam engine uses plenty of wood.

A Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad view.

A WW&F RR section house.

A railroad view.

The water tower.

The section house.

An original Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad switch stand.

Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad view.

Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad flat car 126 that the construction workers are using for supplies.

A section house view.

A look towards the present engine shed. They have plans for a new turntable and small roundhouse on the property.

A marine boiler.

This is the location of the future turntable.

Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad open air car 103 converted from a flat car built in 1903.

Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad combine 8 buit by Edaville Railroad in 1985 as 26. It was torched by vandals in early 1986 and was rebuilt by June 1988. The rebuild was patterned after the Maine Two Footers. The coach remained in Edaville after the 1992 shutdown and continued to run there during the various reincarnations until 2004, when the railroad was greatly shortened. The operators determined it surplus and so it was purchased by the WW&F Railway Museum in May 2005, specifically because it greatly resembled W&Q coach 4, the smoking car (built 1894, burned 1901). This was the first passenger car to arrive on the railroad in almost 100 years.

Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad DDT 12 ton switcher 52, nee Carpenter Steel, built by Plymouth in 1962.

Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington Railroad open air car 118 built from a flat car constructed by the Portland Company in 1912. Next we will take a ride on this railroad.

Click here for Part 2 of this story!