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NRHS 2016 Convention Georgetown Loop Chase Bus Trip 7/21/2016

by Chris Guenzler

Elizabeth and I arose on the last day of our stay at the Super 8 and went to McDonald's for breakfast then made our way to the Holiday Inn for a 7:15 AM safety meeting. Elizabeth and I were bus hosts on the Photo Bus with Skip Waters. He explained to us that we would head to Georgetown, set up two photo lines to photograph the first train of the day then drive the short distance to Silver Plume to meet the other NRHS members for the train ride. After the ride, the photo bus would drive to the scenic overlook and those people who could manage the path down to lower level would photograph the train coming over the Devil's Gate Bridge. Those who stayed on the top could get their photographs then the bus would return to the main parking lot and pick up our passengers. The photo bus would then make its way to the Colorado Railroad Museum in Golden for the rest of the day's activities.

We boarded our passengers and left the Holiday Inn at 8:00. On the way down, I pointed out a few items of interest including the steam engine and passenger car on display in Idaho Springs. Elizabeth handed out water to the passengers throughout the day, ensuring that all stayed hydrated on this warm day at high elevations. We arrived at Georgetown and had about half an hour before the train's arrival.

Gold, Silver, Scenery and History

The Georgetown Loop Railroad was one of Colorado's first visitor attractions. Completed in 1884, this spectacular stretch of three-foot narrow gauge railroad was considered an engineering marvel for its time. In 1973, the Colorado Historical Society began restoring the railroad as part of its 978-acre Georgetown Loop Historic Mining & Railroad Park.

Timeline: Georgetown

Summer 1859: Following the great gold rush, the Griffith brothers from Kentucky (George and David) traveled to Central City. Finding the area over-crowded, they continued on following the south fork of Clear Creek toward the gold discoveries at present Idaho Springs. Within two days, on June 17, George Griffith hits pay dirt. The news travels quickly and a small and growing settlement begins, known as "George's Town."

1864: After the collapse of the gold-mining era, silver is discovered in the area and Georgetown booms again, bringing experienced miners from California and Nevada who realize previous mining attempts in the town and surrounding mountainside had been weak, leading to the formation of the Argentine Mining District.

1866: By year's end, Georgetown is growing faster than any other Colorado community. Small hotels are opening up for tourists but the town still lacks a railroad.

October 1871: Representatives from Georgetown meet with officials of the Colorado Central Railroad to discuss a better way to transport the millions of dollars of ore coming out of the region.

Timeline: The Railroad

December 1872: The first railroad line up Clear Creek Canyon reaches Black Hawk. The construction, funded by bonds from Clear Creek and Gilpin Counties, was organized by William A.H. Loveland, a fifty-niner and proponent of the Colorado Central railroad.

1877: The railroad reaches Idaho Springs in June, thanks to financier Jay Gould who controlled the Union Pacific (UP) and supplied the necessary funds to complete both the route to Idaho Springs and the later route to Georgetown, completed in August 1877. The railroad makes access open for freight, ore, consumers and passengers to Georgetown. The Rocky Mountains are open for tourists.

1879: Georgetown becomes the "Silver Queen of Colorado" for only a short time that year when news of large silver strikes spread across the region from Leadville, one of the greatest strikes to date. Gould strives to have the Colorado Central be the first rail line to reach Leadville. The track to reach Leadville from Georgetown is an obstacle due to narrowing of the valley west of the city and an area where the average grade is over six percent (too steep for most trains). Union Pacific chief engineer, Jacob Blickensderfer, devises a system of curves and bridges, reducing the average grade to three percent. The plan includes three hairpin turns, four bridges and a 30-degree horseshoe curve from Georgetown to Silver Plume.

1884: The first trains arrive in Silver Plume. Another line, the Denver & Rio Grande, is completed into Leadville from the south. Gould's interest in pushing the Georgetown line over the mountains wanes. The Georgetown, Breckenridge and Leadville Railroad line ends permanently a few miles past Silver Plume.

1880s and into the early 1900s: The community and the Georgetown Loop become a tourist center for those who venture West to encounter the wild ruggedness and romance. Tourism in the West develops around railroad excursions. With seven trains a day running out of Denver at the height of its popularity, the Georgetown Loop is Colorado's scenic "must see" and a deal at only $3 round-trip. Guidebooks, pamphlets and postcards help send the images of the steep canyons and mountain peaks accessible by train across the nation.

Early 1900s: The advent of the automobile brings mountain tourists to Colorado, but dramatically reduces excursion train trip revenues for the railroad. The Georgetown Loop runs two trains a day from May through September only.

1938: The last of the trains run from Denver to Silver Plume. The line from Idaho Springs to Silver Plume is abandoned and the Georgetown Loop dismantled, ending a colorful era in railroad history.

1940s: The demand for manpower on the battlefields and in supply production during World War II prompts the final closing of Georgetown's gold and silver mines, compounding railroad losses.

1941: The final miles of track from Golden to Idaho Springs are closed.

1959: The centennial celebration of the discovery of gold in Georgetown and the surrounding areas is formed under the leadership of James Grafton Rogers, chair of the Colorado Historical Society's board of directors. Almost 100 acres of mining claims and mills are donated, including the Lebanon-Everett mines. The Society begins a program of land acquisition and lease with plans to eventually reconstruct the entire length of the Georgetown Loop.

1969: Work begins on opening the Lebanon mine tunnel. The tunnel is cleared its full length and wired for lighting. Excavation outside uncovers the sites of four mine buildings apparent in historic photographs, including a blacksmith shop, a miners' change room or "dry", a mine manager's office and a tool shed.

1973: Construction of the rail line begins after the Union Pacific donates the track and ties for the reconstruction of the Georgetown Loop. Rolling stock is gathered and bridges set in place.

1975: The first operating season of the new Georgetown Loop operates on a small portion of completed track.

1977: The line slowly lengthens from Silver Plume and tracks reach the upper end of Devil's Gate.

1978: The historic buildings at the Lebanon mine are reconstructed and opened to the public and visitors. The Lebanon Mill is stabilized and rebuilt through the Society's work with historians, archaeologists and a preservation architect.

1982: A $1 million grant from the Boettcher Foundation, in honor of E. Warren Willard, a former partner of Boettcher & Company and a board member of the Colorado Historical Society (today's History Colorado), finances the final segment of the railroad's reconstruction, the Devil's Gate High Bridge.

August 1, 1984: Governor Richard D. Lamm dedicates the Devil's Gate High Bridge, and the entire reconstruction of the Georgetown Loop is complete and open for visitors along the entire route.

A replica of the High Bridge was completed in 1984 in time to celebrate the 100th anniversary of its original construction.

August 19, 1985: The Colorado Historical Society turns its attention to increasing visitor facilities and historical interpretation along the route. In August 1985, the Morrison Valley Center, now known as the Devil's Gate Station, is dedicated. The station currently includes boarding and ticketing areas, a gift store, visitor facilities and parking.

1985: The historic Silver Plume Depot is restored.

1986: An engine house is completed to service locomotives. The Colorado Historical Society also completes a series of interpretive markers throughout the park ranging from historic events to the park's geology and natural history. This interpretation is made possible with a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, which also sponsors the publication of a book, The Georgetown Loop: A Capsule History and Guide.

1987 to present: Additional visitor amenities have been added, including hiking trails and restrooms, and new loading platforms. At the Silver Plume Depot, a new car building interprets and displays rolling stock and other railroad-related exhibits.

Our NRHS Trip

The Devil's Gate Bridge.

The well-organized lower level photo line.

My group on the upper photo line. We waited a while and were soon rewarded.

The 10:00 train crosses the Devil's Gate viaduct on its trip from Silver Plume to Devil's Gate station. We all walked back to the bus and headed to Silver Plume to join the rest of the NRHS members.

Georgetown Loop 2-8-0 111, nee International Railways of Central America 116, built by Baldwin in 1926.

View inside the engine shed.

Georgetown Loop Railroad 44-ton swticher 21, ex. Rocky Mountain Steel Mills, nee Colorado Fuel and Iron 21, built by General Electric in 1957.

Georgetown Loop U4B 140, nee US Gypsum 1403, built by General Electric in 1926.

Georgetown Loop U4B switcher 130, nee US Gypsum 1303, built by General Electric in 1926.

I finished looking around and was first in line to board our train. Here are some of our passengers lining up for our train.

The steam engine ran around the train and then came into the station.

My ticket for the 11:25 train. The consist was Westside Lumber Shay 9, coach 228 "Silver Queen", open car 1172, covered open car 1118, covered open car 0718, partial open car 1163, covered open car 3 "Silver Plume", open gondola 1138, covered open car 1156 and open gondola 1157. We boarded and Elizabeth, Robin and I sat in covered open car 0718. This car is the only way to get on and off the train and as bus hosts, Elizabeth and I had to be the first people off the train when our trip was complete.

The steam engine runs around the train.

Leaving Georgetown.

NRHS passengers in my car.

We passed a river on the way out of Georgetown.

Our train starts its trip and takes a curve.

Curving at MP 53.

Taking another curve on this unique railroad.

Looking back to the rear of the train.

One of the five crossings of Clear Creek that our train would take this day.

Passing the Big Fill mine where demonstrations are put on for visitors.

Going through the forest.

A view of I-70 as the train continues its journey.

Nearing Devil's Gate Viaduct.

The train crosses Devil's Gate Viaduct.

Looking down on the Porter diesel that would help our long train back to Silver Plume.

The train finished crossing the Devil's Gate Viaduct.

The train dropped down the grade.

Another view of Devil's Gate Viaduct.

Crossing Clear Creek.

The train takes the final turn into Devil's Gate station.

Devil's Gate station.

View of the area of Devil's Gate station.

Click here for Part 2 of this story!