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CNR Steam Locomotive Roster - Locomotive Builders

CNR 6167


CNR Stats
Steam Roster
 Santa Fe
 0-6-0 Switcher
 0-8-0 Switcher
Form 507
1947 Analysis




Canadian National Railways
Steam Locomotive Roster

Locomotive Builders

Canadian Locomotive Company
Canadian National Railways
Montreal Locomotive Works
American Locomotive Company
Baldwin Locomotive Works
Lima Locomotive Works
Other Builders

Canadian Locomotive Company Limited - CLC

The Canadian Locomotive Company was founded in 1848 as the Ontario Foundry. It went through several bankruptcies and reorganizations and carried the names Canadian Engine & Machinery Company in 1865, the Canadian Locomotive And Engine Company Ltd. in 1878, the Canadian Locomotive Company in 1901, and finally the Canadian Locomotive Company, Limited in 1911. The CLC was a major contributor to the CNR and its predecessors. Notable locomotives include the K-1-a Pacifics, U-1-a Mountains, U-2-a Northerns, and the T-2-a Santa Fes. CLC built about ¼ of CNR's steam locomotive fleet.

Builder's plate from CNR N-3-b 2347.

Canadian National Railways - CNR

Almost all of the CNR's backshop's are credited with building locomotives at some point in their career. Oddly enough, the largest shop on the system (Stratford aka "The Big Shop"), has never been credited with building a single locomotive. These shops spent most of their time over-hauling and rebuilding locomotives, but on occasion was able to build a locomotive, in several cases using spare reconditioned boilers.

Point St.Charles Shop

The Point St.Charles shop was opened in 1859 by the Grand Trunk and built a healthy portion of the Grand Trunk's roster. When the Grand Trunk was absorbed in the CNR system, a handful of new locomotives were also constructed. Locomotives built for the Grand Trunk at the Point St.Charles shops will be identified in the "Builder" with the mark "GTR". Locomotives built for the CNR will be identified with the mark "CNR", but will be marked in the locomotive listings with the mark "PSC".

Moncton Shop

The shops in Moncton were opened in 1875 by the Intercolonial Railway and were later controlled by the Canadian Government Railway's and finally the CNR. Moncton built a handful of Eight-Wheelers, Ten-Wheelers, and Moguls over the years, some of which made it on to the CNR. It later went on to build 5 0-8-0 switchers from 1927-1929. Locomotives built for the Intercolonial Railway will have the mark "ICR" in the "Builder" column, while locomotives built for the CNR will have the mark "CNR", but will be marked in the locomotive listings as "Moncton".

Transcona Shop

Construction of the Transcona shop stated in 1909 as part of the National Transcontinental Railway (operated by the Canadian Government Railways) and was later absorbed into the CNR system. Transcona built its first locomotives in 1926, these being the 2 N-5-c Consolidations #2747-2748. Transcona went on to build a number of 0-8-0 Switchers as well as several more Consolidations. Locomotives built at Transcona will have the mark "CNR" in the "Builder" column, but will be distinguished by the mark "Transc." in the locomotive listings.

Battle Creek Shop

Battle Creek is the major repair facility for the GTW. While being operated as the GTW (Railway and Railroad) it has only been credited with building a single steam locomotive, that being K-3-f Pacific #5609 in 1920, from the reconditioned boiler of 5601. The mark for this incarnation of the shop is "GTR-BC".

Montreal Locomotive Works - MLW

Canada's largest locomotive builder, MLW stated out in 1883 as the Locomotive and Machine Company of Montreal Ltd. It was purchased by ALCo in 1904 and later renamed MLW. Many of the CNR's most well known classes of steam power were built by MLW, from the X-10-a Suburbans to the U-4-a Northerns. MLW built about 1/3 of CNR's steam roster.

Builder's plate from CNR K-1-d 5529.

Builder's plate from CNR S-2-a 3527

American Locomotive Company - ALCo

The American Locomotive Company was formed in 1901 when a number of smaller locomotive firms merged into one very large firm in order to compete with the largest firm of the day - Baldwin. Just about all of the shops in the ALCo family contributed locomotives to the CNR and its predecessors. In the roster, ALCo family builders will be identified in an abbreviated form as shown below, regardless of whether or not the locomotive was built before or after the creation of ALCo. The American Locomotive Company and its divisions built roughly 20% of the CNR's steam locomotive roster.

Symbol Name Location
Schen. Schenectady Locomotive Works Schenectady NY
Brooks Brooks Locomotive Works Dunkirk NY
Cooke Cooke Locomotive & Machine Works Paterson NJ
Dick. Dickson Manufacturing Company Scranton PA
Manch. Manchester Locomotive Works Manchester NH
Pitts. Pittsburgh Locomotive & Car Works Pittsburgh PA
RI Rhode Island Locomotive Works Providence RI
Rich. Richmond Locomotive Works Richmond VA
Rogers Rogers Locomotive Works Paterson NJ

Schenectady Works

The Schenectady Works of ALCo was established in 1848 as the Schenectady Locomotive Engine Manufactory in Schenectady New York. The company quickly suffered from a lack of orders and was put up for sale in 1851, but the management quickly reconsidered the viability of the business and in May 1851 reorganized as the Schenectady Locomotive Works. In 1870, the building was hit with flooding and suffered a major fire resulting in the modernization of the facility. In 1901, Schenectady merged into the American Locomotive Company.

Cooke Works

The Cooke Works of ALCo was opened in 1852 as Danforth-Cooke and was located in Paterson NJ. Later on it was renamed the Cooke Locomotive & Machine Works, before becoming the Cooke Works of ALCo in 1901. The plant was closed in 1926.

Baldwin Locomotive Works-BLW

The Baldwin Locomotive Works started in 1831 and was one of the largest locomotive builders in North America. Originally located in Philadelphia PA, it moved to a new plant in Eddystone in 1912. Baldwin contributed a healthy number of locomotives to the CNR system. Probably the most well known Baldwin contribution is GTW's U-1-c class Mountains. Some 535 Steam Locomotives (13%) carried Baldwin builders plates.

Lima Locomotive Works - Lima

The Lima Locomotive Works of Lima Ohio, started out in 1869 as the Lima Machine Works, but took off in the 1870's with the production of the Shay Type logging locomotive. Lima began making steam power for Class 1 railroads in 1911, so only a handful of locomotives on the CNR were from Lima. The most well known Lima product was the 6 U-4-b class streamlined Northerns that ran on the GTW. Over all, Lima only built 62 locomotive for the CNR system, mainly 0-8-0 and 0-6-0 switchers for the GTW, as well as 3 0-6-0 switchers for the CV.

Other Builders

Davenport Locomotive Works - Daven.

The Davenport Locomotive works of Davenport Iowa, began building locomotives in 1902 until 1956. In 1950, Davenport acquired the well known firm of H.K.Porter. The CNR owned but a single Davenport locomotive, that being Class X-1-a #1, a narrow gauge 0-4-0t inherited from the PEI railway.

Grant Locomotive Works - Grant

The Grant Locomotive Works formed in 1867 from the New Jersey Locomotive Company, and was yet another locomotive builder from Paterson NJ (The others being Rogers and Cooke). The company entered troubled waters after a fire in 1885, but reopened a few years later. The company quickly moved to a brand new, ultra modern (for the time) shop in Chicago, upgraded to build larger locomotives. However, the plant closed abruptly during financial hard times in June 1893 (so abrupt that 20 locomotives lay unfinished in the erecting shop). Several additional financial difficulties appeared at the same time, which resulted in the end of the Grant Locomotive Works.

CNR owned a single Grant Locomotive, that being (Ex CGR) H-10-a #1423. Unfortunately, information on this locomotive is scarce. Any additional information would be appreciated.

Hinkley Locomotive Works - Hinkley

Started in 1831 as Boston Machine Works, the Hinkley locomotive works carried several names including the Boston Locomotive Works in 1841, and later Hinkley, Williams and Company after a 1959 foreclosure, as well as Hinkley and Williams Locomotive Works in 1864, and in 1872 the Hinkley Locomotive Works. However, the company fell into bankruptcy in 1880 and was reorganized as the Hinkley Locomotive Company, however, the company went out of business by 1889. The CNR owned 7 Hinkley built Eight-Wheelers in classes A-5-a (Ex CGR) and A-15-b (Ex GTR).

Dubs And Company - Dubs

Henry Dübs came to Glasgow from Beyer Peacock to be works manager for Walter Neilson at the Springburn Hyde Park Works. However, the two men had major disagreements over the operation of the works, as a result of which Dübs left in 1863 and founded his own, very successful locomotive works at Queen's Park on the south side of Glasgow. The distinctive diamond-shaped works plate is believed to have derived from the mark on the bricks used for building at Queen's Park. In 1903, Dubs amalgamated with several other Glasgow locomotive builders to form the North British Locomotive Company. Dubs' name could be found on but a single Ex CGR 4-4-0 Class A-3-a #104.

From Angela Gawthrop's Cat-Flap pages.

North British Locomotive Company - NB

The North British Locomotive Company was formed in 1903 through the amalgamation of three Glasgow companies: Sharp Stewart at the Atlas Works, Springburn (previously in Manchester); Neilson Reid at the Hyde Park Works, Springburn; and Dübs and Co at the Queen's Park Works, Polmadie. This made it the largest locomotive-building company in Europe, capable of producing 600 engines per year. All three sites were retained, though the workload decreased steadily after a peak in 1905 and the Atlas Works later suffered from temporary closure. In 1909 a central administration building was opened in Springburn, close to the Hyde Park Works. The North British Locomotive Company built 6 Mikados for the Newfoundland Railway, which was later absorbed into the CNR system.

From Angela Gawthrop's Cat-Flap pages.

Miscellaneous Builders

Little information is readily available for the locomotive builders and their symbols listed below.

C&GT Chicago & Grand Trunk
CV Central Vermont
Altoona Pennsylvania Railroad-Altoona PA Shops
RNC Reid Newfoundland Company
G.I. Green Island
C-F Canada Foundry, Toronto ON
Booth Booth & Company
Fleming Fleming And Humbert Foundry, Saint John NB
Portl. Portland Locomotive And Car Works

Locomotives Built By Major Builders And Railway Shops




2-10-4 2-10-2 4-8-4 4-8-2 4-6-4 0-8-0 4-6-2 2-8-2 2-8-0 0-6-0 4-6-0 2-6-0 4-4-0 4-6-4t 4-4-2t 0-4-0 0-4-0t
MLW   35 130 32 5 10 223 158 260 64 263 32 57 6       1275
CLC   38 30 42   27 27 200 289 175 103 87 71         1089
BLW       5   23 38 25 44 15 54 47 13     3 2 535
PSC           24 38 3 12 134 33 241 46   4     535
Schen. 10   37 4   28 7 104 83 20 31 6 7         337
Brooks   20       6   1 27   13 19 6         92
Lima     6     15       41               62
RI                 3   13 13 24         53
Transc.           21     12   8             41
Manch.           3     7   8 1 8         27
Dick.                 5   7 11           23
Cooke                   5 6   8         19
Rich.           4     6                 10
Moncton           5           4           9
Rogers                     2 2 3       1 8
Pitts.                   4 2             6
GTR-BC             1                     1
Other               6 103 9 44 3 34     1 1 201
Unknown                 1   1 3 2         7
Total 10 93 203 83 5 166 334 497 852 467 588 469 279 6 4 4 4 4064

Locomotives Built By Other Builders




2-8-2 2-8-0 0-6-0 4-6-0 2-6-0 4-4-0 0-4-0 0-4-0t
C-F   101 8 40         149
Hinkley           21     21
C&GT         2 8     10
NB 6               6
RNC   1   3         4
Altoona         1   1   2
Portl.           2     2
G.I.   1             1
Booth     1           1
Daven.               1 1
Grant       1         1
CV           1     1
Dubs           1     1
Fleming           1     1
Total 6 103 9 44 3 34 1 1 201