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B&O Washington Branch Photo Tour

B&O Washington Branch
Modern day photo tour

Accompanying each photo below are:

Click a photo to see a larger view. Please send your comments and corrections to Steve.


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Dwarf CPL

Dwarf CPL
Mile: 12.9 Date: Dec 2008
Ease: B+ View: S
Area: B IC2:
Map: Ho 17 E 12, AA 1 B 12 Topographic Maps

At dusk on a chilly Chrismas Eve the elves are busy, so instead this dwarf CPL guards the mainline from rail traffic exiting the Route 100 Industrial Park spur.


New Signals

New Signals
Mile: 12.9 Date: Feb 2011
Ease: B+ View: S
Area: B IC2:
Map: Ho 17 E 12, AA 1 B 12 Topographic Maps

Since then much taller signals have taken on the job. The distant CPL knows its days are numbered (it was removed later in 2011).


Dorsey Station

Dorsey Station
Mile: 12.9 Date: May 2002
Ease: B+ View: SW
Area: B IC2:
Map: Ho 17 E 12, AA 1 B 12 Topographic Maps

Looking SW beyond the tall signals finds MARC's Dorsey Station, the newest on the mainline.

That's MD 100 traversing overhead.


MARC 13

MARC 13
Mile: 13.0 Date: Feb 2011
Ease: A View: SW
Area: B IC2:
Map: Ho 17 E 12, AA 1 B 12 Topographic Maps

Speaking of newest, the MARC locomotive fleet now includes 26 Motive Power MP36PH-3C units, a design popular in commuter rail. The Motive Power brand is built by Wabtec Corporation, an American company formed by the 1999 merger of the Westinghouse Air Brake Company (WABCO) and MotivePower Industries Corporation.

CSX operated MARC from inception in 1984 until October 2012; since then Bombardier has taken on the job.


Dorsey Station Bridge

Dorsey Station Bridge
Mile: 13.1 Date: Feb 2000
Ease: A View: NW
Area: B IC2:
Map: Ho 17 D 12 Topographic Maps

Tucked away beneath Dorsey Station is this small masonry arched bridge.


Dorsey Station

Dorsey Station
Mile: 13.1 Date: Dec 2000
Ease: A View: SE
Area: A IC2:
Map: Ho 17 D 12 Topographic Maps

CSX shares the "Camden Line" with commuter trains between Baltimore and Washington. Dorsey Station is one of the busier.


Station Interior

Station Interior
Mile: 13.1 Date: Sep 2003
Ease: A View: SW
Area: A IC2:
Map: Ho 17 D 12, AA 1 B 12 Topographic Maps

A few plants decorate the station interior, which will soon reopen to greet afternoon commuters.


Dorsey Station Platform

Dorsey Station Platform
Mile: 13.1 Date: Dec 2000
Ease: A View: NE
Area: A IC2:
Map: Ho 17 D 12 Topographic Maps

Here's the view from the platform as CSX 605 scoots under Route 100.

Modern milepost 13 is at the far end of the platform (in fact, before 2011 it was affixed to the platform's railing), but the original stone mile marker is nowhere to be found. I suspect it was removed as part of the construction of either the station or Route 100.


Deep Run Bridge

Deep Run Bridge
Mile: 13.2 Date: Feb 2000
Ease: B+ View: W
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 1 B 12, Ho 17 D 12 Topographic Maps

A Conrail engine speeds by atop this attractive stone and brick bridge just south of the Dorsey Station. You can even see it without getting out of your car. Simply drive north on OConnor Drive from Route 176. According to Harwood, this bridge dates to 1870.

This bridge also marks a corner of Howard County. From here south to Laurel, the railroad determines the Howard-Anne Arundel county line. As you might have guessed, the railroad pre-dates Howard county, which split off from Anne Arundel in 1850. I am not sure if the pair of tracks is officially located entirely in one of the two counties, or if the county line runs in between them. The ADC maps indicate the railroad is in Anne Arundel county, but a B&O schedule lists the tracks and stations as being in Howard.

Except for a very short stretch near Mt. Airy, all of Howard County's borders are defined by either railroads or rivers.


CSX 8777

CSX 8777
Mile: 13.2 Date: Feb 2000
Ease: C View: NE
Area: B+ IC2:
Map: AA 1 B 12, Ho 17 D 12 Topographic Maps

Train watching along the Washington Branch is far more productive than along the quiet Old Main Line. Here CSX 8777 roars south (west) past the Dorsey Station with a long line of containers in tow. That's the Rt. 100 overpass in the distance.


Rt. 176 Bridge

Rt. 176 Bridge
Mile: 13.3 Date: May 2002
Ease: A View: NW
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 1 B 12, Ho 17 D 13 Topographic Maps

Built in 1937, this utilitarian bridge carries the tracks over Dorsey Road, Route 176. Disused stairways on both sides of the road here imply this is where the original Dorsey Station had been located.


CSX 577
Photo courtesy Kirk Nabors
NEW! late-Oct 2017

CSX 577
Mile: 13.7 Date: Oct 2017
Ease: A View: NE
Area: B+ IC2:
Map: AA 1 A 13, Ho 17 C 13 Topographic Maps

Next stop Jessup Auto Terminal as seen later in this tour...


Mile 14

Mile 14
Mile: 14.0 Date: May 2002
Ease: B+ View: SW
Area: B IC2:
Map: Ho 20 F 11, AA 6 A 1 Topographic Maps

Several artifacts are to be found at mile marker 14. This turns out to be a very easy spot to access: drive to the end of Ohio/Oak Avenues. The pavement ends right across the tracks from where I'm standing.

The concrete slab in the foreground was probably a signal stand in a former life. In the distance is an S signpost.


S Signpost

S Signpost
Mile: 14.0 Date: May 2002
Ease: B+ View: E
Area: B IC2:
Map: Ho 20 F 11, AA 6 A 1 Topographic Maps

Here's a rear view closeup of the S signpost. It looks to be a custom job: it's welded to an old piece of rail. At upper left is where the pavement of Ohio/Oak Avenues ends.

Fran Giacoma responded with a description:

    "Per the B&O RR Roadway and Track Standards this is a 'Speed Test Sign' to be used at points where the engine speeds are to be checked. They would be placed a mile apart so an engineer could check the accurancy of the locomotive speedometer (if it had one and worked). Sort of like a 'begin measured mile' and 'end measured mile' signs seen on highways and other railroads."


Dirty Ballast
NEW! late-Oct 2017

Dirty Ballast
Mile: 14.0 Date: Sep 2017
Ease: A- View: NW
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 6 A 1, Ho 20 F 11 Topographic Maps

With dusty development along parallelling Dorsey Run Road CSX may be delaying ballast cleaning. Note the rusty appearance of the stone of the near track. Yes, that needs to be cleaned off periodically.

Wikipedia describes why:

    "Over time, ballast becomes worn, and loses its angularity, becoming rounded. This hinders the tessellation of pieces of ballast with one another, and thus reduces its effectiveness. Fine pieces of granite, like sand, are also created by attrition, known simply as 'fines'. Combined with water in the ballast, these fines stick together, making the ballast like a lump of concrete. This hinders both track drainage and the flexibility of the ballast to constrain the track as it moves under traffic."


Original Marker

Original Marker
Mile: 14.0 Date: May 2002
Ease: A- View: SE
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 6 A 1, Ho 20 F 11 Topographic Maps

Directly across the tracks from the S signpost was a nice surprise: a mile marker which likely dates from the branch's original construction in 1835. It says this spot is 14 miles from Baltimore and 26 from Washington, DC. This marker is no longer extant.


Licking Run

Licking Run
Mile: 14.5 Date: May 2002
Ease: C View: NW
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 5 K 1, Ho 20 E 12 Topographic Maps

With help from paths made by dirt bikers, it was possible to wind your way down from the tracks to this 1835-era culvert. It's been shored up since with concrete (and spray paint), but someone has created a walkway to the entrance. Are people crazy enough to dirt bike through here? The opening is about 4 feet high.

This stream is unnamed on the ADC maps. A rule of thumb: unnamed streams on the ADC maps are usually spanned via culverts, and named streams are usually spanned via stone arched or steel bridges. An 1860 Martenet's map names this stream "Licking Run".


Stringers

Stringers
Mile: 14.5 Date: May 2002
Ease: C View: N
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 5 K 1, Ho 20 E 12 Topographic Maps

But the real surprise comes if you employ the wooden walkway to get close enough to the culvert to look inside: many of the granite blocks are recycled stone stringers! These had been used for the initial (circa 1830) track construction on the Old Main Line. I've marked with small circles some of the holes where the iron strap rail had been affixed to the heavy blocks.

In 1830 these blocks had been hewn by hand, and the B&O wasn't one to waste all that effort. When the stringers proved unacceptable as a track bed on the OML, the B&O pulled most of them up, and obviously hauled some here.

This is one of only two known bridges/culverts to have been built primarily with the recycled stringers, but there are likely others waiting to be discovered.


Collapse
Photo courtesy Dave Hiteshew
NEW! late-Oct 2017

Collapse
Mile: 14.5 Date: Mar 2007
Ease: C View: NW
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 5 K 1, Ho 20 E 12 Topographic Maps

During 2007 the stringer culvert's concrete cap gave way. CSX deemed the remaining structure safe so merely tossed some erosion-reducing stone blocks down the embankment. Trees have since regrown in this area.


MARC 74
NEW! late-Oct 2017

MARC 74
Mile: 14.7 Date: Sep 2017
Ease: A View: S
Area: B IC2:
Map: Ho 20 E 12, AA 5 K 1 Topographic Maps

MARC 74 speeds commuters past Burnettes Spur. As of 2017 the spur remains connected to the main but appears to not have seen a train in some time.


Montevideo Road
Updated late-Oct 2017

Montevideo Road
Mile: 14.9 Date: Feb 2000
Ease: A View: NE
Area: B IC2:
Map: Ho 20 D 13 Topographic Maps

Montiviedo Road CSX 7534 barrels southwest past dirty mounds of snow toward Montevideo Road, one of the busiest grade crossings on the Washington Branch. Plans are in the works to build an overpass for the road.

In multiple railroad references I have seen this, umm, let's call it an alternate spelling of the grade crossing road's name. I'd guess some master document has it spelled Montiviedo.


Milepost 15

Milepost 15
Mile: 15.0 Date: Sep 2003
Ease: B View: SE
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 5 J 3, Ho 20 D 13 Topographic Maps

All the milestones I've located so far are on the Anne Arundel county side of the tracks. This one is tucked away so deep in the brush it's easily missed. To help you find it, look for the more contemporary mile marker on the opposite side of the tracks.


Jessup Station

Jessup Station
Mile: 15.8 Date: Sep 2000
Ease: A View: NE
Area: B IC2: 312
Map: AA 5 G 4, Ho 20 K 5 Topographic Maps

Under a sky of puffy cumulus clouds, CSX 682 heads a westbound train of containers through Jessup on track 1.

Link: 1975


Jessup Road
NEW! late-Oct 2017

Jessup Road
Mile: 15.8 Date: Sep 2000
Ease: A View: SW
Area: B IC2: 312
Map: AA 5 G 4, Ho 20 K 5 Topographic Maps

As of 2017 clearance at MD 175's / Jessup Road's bridge has not yet been expanded to permit passage of double stacks. The scene looks much the same as in this 2000 photo except CSX has removed the CPL signals.


Jessup Parking
NEW! late-Oct 2017

Jessup Parking
Mile: 15.8 Date: Sep 2017
Ease: A View: SE
Area: B IC2: 312
Map: AA 5 G 4, Ho 20 K 5 Topographic Maps

The Jessup commuter station has parking room for about 50 cars but even on a weekday it goes underutilized. During the 2010s signs of this style were erected at all MARC stations.

An 1860 map calls this area Pierceland.


Weld

Weld
Mile: 16.0 Date: Sep 2003
Ease: B View: SE
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 5 G 5, Ho 20 J 5 Topographic Maps

Mr. Carnegie, meet Mr. Illinois.

Two rails, from two different manufacturing plants, from two different years, become one via continuously welded rail, aka "ribbon rail".


MARC

MARC
Mile: 16.1 Date: Sep 2003
Ease: B View: NE
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 5 G 5, Ho 20 J 5 Topographic Maps

Churning a cloud of dust behind, MARC engine 61 pushes this set of 3 commuter cars toward DC during an early autumn afternoon. To reduce the need for turning, MARC engines are designed for remote operation from the end passenger car.

In the foreground is one of only two concrete whistle signs I've seen surviving on the Washington Branch.


New Signals
NEW! late-Oct 2017

New Signals
Mile: 16.1 Date: Sep 2017
Ease: B View: NE
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 5 G 5, Ho 20 J 5 Topographic Maps

Checking the site 14 years later finds new signals.

Too small to be worth showing is a concrete block on the right just beyond the signals, the last relic of a spur that brought coal to the prison at Jessup. The spur shows up first on 1907 USGS topo maps, and is visible in aerial photos into the 1960s after which it was removed when the prison shifted away from coal for heating. Perhaps during the early decades prisoners were also transported via train.


Signals

Signals
Mile: 16.2 Date: Apr 2001
Ease: B View: NE
Area: B IC2:
Map: Ho 20 J 6 Topographic Maps

Despite heat-induced atmospheric distortion, with digital camera at max zoom in the past we could look almost a half mile north back toward Jessup Station to find the old color position light signals. Since then CSX has replaced all but a few CPLs.

The bridge in the distance carries MD 175 over the tracks.

The amber signal seen here means "Medium Approach Medium", that is, proceed at medium speed approaching the next signal at medium speed.

Reader Ralph Hough wrote:

    "hey steve. i am a conductor for csx and i was looking at your website. very nice site i thought. i really enjoy learning the history of the b&o. one thing i need to bring to your attention is mile 7.2 picture (signals) the amber signal is 'approach' not 'medium approach medium'. i followed your link to mikes signal page and he has it wrong also. again, very nice website. i will be stopping back frequently. thanks...."

Ex-B&Oer Mike Blair added detail:

    "Conductor Hough is quite correct that the one displayed in your picture is an approach signal and would require The engineer to immediately reduce to medium speed and approach the signal at Dorsey prepared to stop. ( !! UNLESS his train was greater than 7300 feet long ! In which case he would have to act quickly to stop at Montevideo Road to avoid blocking the roadway, since trains greater than that length will not fit between the road and Dorsey signal.)"

Links to illustrated descriptions of signals: Mike's B&O Signals Page, Todd's CPL Home Page


Dorsey Run
Updated late-Oct 2017

Dorsey Run
Mile: 16.3 Date: Apr 2001
Ease: B View: NW
Area: B IC2:
Map: AA 5 G 6, Ho 20 J 6 Topographic Maps

bridge 17b This brick arch spanning Dorsey Run is the most modern example I've seen along CSX trackage in the region. It dates to 1965, and is numbered 17B. All later arches are constructed without brick.

About 200 feet behind me were the noisy grounds of the Maryland House of Correction aka "the Cut".

The stones in the foreground, near the base of the large tree, are evidence of an older bridge, one for the road that had been the prison's south entrance.



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