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Trains - Freight Cars
Trains - RR Freight Cars
Now that you're familiar with the basic freight cars, here's a few specialty cars ...
Depressed Center Flat
  Depressed Center Flat. This specialized car is designed for excessive height and/or heavy loads.  The load shown is a piece of electrical equipment.  Note there are two sets of wheel sets at each end of the car to double the weight capacity.

Spine Car
  Spine Cars are specialty flat cars with only a partial platform to reduce tare  weight.   They are used primarily to haul truck trailers over long distances. They are often linked 3 or 5 together sharing a single wheel set between the linked units
Coil Car
Coil Car. This specialized car is essentially a flat car with a removable lid designed to transport coiled steel.

Airslide Hopper
Covered Air Slide Hopper, flat sided.  The extra plumbing below this air slide hopper is used for powdery cargo's that compact and prevent normal flow from the car. Air is percolated through the cargo to loosen it and allow discharge from the bottom.

Ballast Car. This is a specialized hopper for hauling crushed rock used for roadbed ballast. Ballast cars dump their load on either side of the rail for the MOW equipment to tamp into place.

Bulkhead Flat
  Bulkhead Flat Car.  Similar to the center beam flat, but without the center beam.  Often used in log service; this one has a load of pulpwood.

  Caboose. Once required on all trains, the caboose served as an office and crew quarters.  The rear brakeman could watch the train for defects from the coupola (or bay windows on some models).  Today the caboose has been largely replaced by FRED's and trackside electronic defect detectors.  However, you will see cabooses in use by "local patrols" and in "backing moves" in urban areas.

Ore hopper
  Ore hopper; these short hoppers are designed to haul taconite pellets which are relatively heavy per unit volume.   The car length  matches the spacing of  hoppers on ore docks which in turn align with the hatches of great lakes ore boats.
Wood chip gondola; although coal is often hauled in similar looking high side hoppers, wood chip cars have hooks below the top side lip to secure a "hairnet" mesh cover to secure the loose chips in transit.

  Snabel car; an incredibly rare find, there's only 2 or 3 in the world.  Made for hauling very heavy equipment; the car splits in the middle and each end attaches directly to the piece of equipment design for the car.
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