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CHIEF ENGINEERS DEPARTMENT--Short Description

SHORT DESCRIPTION

CHIEF ENGINEER DEPARTMENT

Historical

The construction of the Railway line was begun in the autumn of 1887. In March l888 the first 25 km were opened to traffic. The construction went slowly but steadily; Asmara was reached in December of 1911, and the present terminus at Agordat in February 1928.

Kilometers

Line open to traffic:

1) Massawa - Asmara 117.600 km
2) Asmara - Agordat 188.800 km
Massawa - Agordat 306.100 km
3)  Route, sidings, and loops 361.130 km

PERMANENT   WAY   MATERIAL

Rails

Three types of flat bottomed rails are in use and are known by the names of the districts where they were employed.
 

Dogali type Length 7.30 meters
Few are now in use only in sidings.
Weight 22 kg per meter.
Eritrean type.  Length 9.00 meters.  Weight 24.90 kg per meter.
Agordat type  Length 9.00 meters.  Weight 27.30 kg per meter.

Fastenings

Clips and bolts. Various types in use for widening gauge on curves.

Sleepers.

Steel sleepers are employed almost exclusively and are of three types.
 
Eritrean type Length l.60 meters. Weight 24.90 kg
Agordat type  Length 1.80 meters. Weight 40.4 kg
Dum Sleepers 0.20 x 0.13 x 1.80  Weight 50 kg
Spacing  13 Sleepers to 9 meters rail,
17 Sleepers to 12 meters rail,
Average 1430 per km.

Ballast.

Ballast is obtained from local stone found at line side and broken 5 cm. diam., depth of ballast about 25 cms.

Distance between stations.

Massawa Mai Atal km 29.247
Mai Atal Ghinda  40.120
Ghinda Asmara 48.233  km 117.600

Asmara Keren km 104.130
Keren Hummed  26.375
Hummed Agordat  58.295 km 188.800


Total Massawa - Agordat km 306.400


 MASSAWA ASMARA SECTION

straight 49.400 km
curves 59.000
stations  9.500
excluding siding outside station, and harbor lines

.

THE ASMARA AGORDAT SECTION

straight 104.318 km
curves 59.000
stations 4.482

AXLE LOAD

The maximum axle load allowed is 12 tons, all lines.
 
 


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