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Klamath Northern

Klamath Northern

Klamath Northern #207 rolls a freight south from Gilchrist. John Henderson photo, Jeff Moore collection.


The Gilchrist family launched their family lumber company in 1880 in Drummond, Wisconsin. The company ran out of timber in Wisconsin within a few years and moved their operations south to Mississippi. The company could see that it would run out of timber in the south in the near future, and around the turn of the century that company started acquiring timber in central Oregon. The company later formed a subsidiary named Chinook Lumber Company to manage the Oregon holdings. Despite stiff competition from Shevlin-Hixon and Brooks-Scanlon the company eventually accumulated 85,000 acres of timber.

In 1925 the family incorporated the Gilchrist Timber Company in Oregon to build and operate a sawmill. The generally slow times in the timber industry through the late 1920's followed by the Great Depression prevented the move to Oregon from happening until 1937. Gilchrist Timber had long since chosen its sawmill site, and construction began as soon as the decision to move had been made. The plans included an eleven mile long railroad to connect the new sawmill and town with the nearest point on the Southern Pacific. The company could have reached the Great Northern line with half the construction, but apparently a GN decision not to re-route their mainline south of Bend so that it would pass through the proposed site of Gilchrist back in 1926 cost that railroad any chance of getting any traffic from the Gilchrist mill.

Klamath Northern #204 with a freight on the line during the steam era. Jeff Moore collection.

The company completed the railroad in 1938. The sawmill opened a short time later. In 1940 the Gilchrist family incorporated the Klamath Northern as a common carrier to take over operations of the railroad. The Klamath Northern carried out an uncomplicated existence through the years. The railroad operated only one steam locomotive, a Baldwin 2-6-2 moved west from Mississippi. Despite its early hostility towards the Great Northern the railroad did contemplate at one point building an extension to the Great Northern during a period of tight car supply from the SP, but never acted on those plans. In 1955 the company purchased a GE 70-ton diesel to replace the steam locomotive, which the company scrapped at the Gilchrist mill. In 1965 the railroad gained a second customer in the form of Glaineville Box Company, which opened a large sawmill two miles south of Gilchrist. Glaineville Box closed in 1977.

Color slide of the Klamath Northern #204 with a freight. Jeff Moore collection.

In early 1990 the Gilchrist family came to a crossroads. They commissioned an appraisal of the Gilchrist properties to evaluate future alternatives. In the end the family decided to sell out, and Crown Pacific Corporation took over. Crown Pacific continued sawmill operations but elected to close the Klamath Northern. The railroad lay quiet from 1991-1993, but an increasingly tight domestic log supply caused Crown Pacific to look oversees. Crown obtained a supply of logs from New Zealand, which soon started showing up in the port of Coos Bay. At Coos Bay the logs were re-loaded onto rail cars for delivery to the Gilchrist mill. The company reactivated the Klamath Northern in 1993 as a private railroad under the name Crown Pacific Railroad, Inc., which lasted until March 1994 when Crown Pacific changed the railroad's name back to Klamath Northern and again made it a common carrier. The railroad soon started handling outbound lumber and woodchips in addition to the inbound log traffic.

A leased Rick Franklin Corp. GE diesel resting in the Gilchrist engine house in 2004. Rob Jacox photo, used with permission.

Crown Pacific declared bankruptcy in 2003, and in late 2004 International Forest Products (later renamed Interfor) purchased the Gichrist operations. The log traffic ended but lumber and woodchip business still warranted one and sometimes two rounds trips each working day. In May 2020 Interfor announced economic conditions were forcing it to curtail operations at the Gilchrist mill, resulting in 130 of the 150 employees of the mill being laid off. The Klamath Northern again fell silent after the mill closed. The closure proved short lived, as in September 2020 Interfor sold the mill to Wyoming-based Nieman Enterprises, a third generation family company that has sawmills in South Dakota, Wyoming, and Colorado. The sale closed in late 2020, and by March 2021 the new owner was in the process of modernizing the mill and preparing it for a return to operation. The Klamath Northern resumed operations by the summer of 2021. In the summer of 2023 the new owners hired crews from Rick Franklin and the Albany & Eastern Railroad to rehabilitate the line, which included replacing many ties and dumping a lot of ballast using a pair of ballast hoppers Franklin trucked into the railroad.

An old flatbed truck belonging to the railroad. John Henderson photo, Jeff Moore collection.

Klamath Northern's switching yard and woodchip loading area south of the main sawmill. Jerry Lamper photograph.

KNOT 207 switching the interchange at Gilchrist Junction in 2011. Jeff Moore photo..

The Gichrist mill. John Henderson photo, Jeff Moore collection.


The Klamath Northern is in Orange.

All time locomotive roster

Underlined numbers indicate a link to a page of pictures of that locomotive.

#204- Baldwin 2-6-2, c/n 33238, blt 1901. Built as Gilchrist-Fordney Lumber Co. #204; transferred to Gilchrist Timber/Klamath Northern #204. Scrapped 1955, with tender converted into snowplow.

#205- General Electric 70-ton, 600-horsepower diesel electric, c/n 32304, built 6/1955. Purchased new. Sold to Modesto & Empire Traction #609 11/1990. Wrecked in 2006 and scrapped 2011.

#206- Baldwin 40-ton, 275-horsepower diesel electric, c/n 40755, blt 2/54. Built as Long-Bell #401, then International Paper #224, both at Vaugn, Oregon. Sold to Klamath Northern sometime during the 1970s. Retired 1983 and donated to California State Railroad Museum, where it is on display today.

#207- General Electric 125-ton, 1,000-horsepower diesel electric, c/n 41290, blt 12/1982. Purchased new. Stored at Gilchrist 1991-1993. Currently in service.

Equipment Photographs


Klamath Northern Photographs

Freight Operations with #205

Freight Operations with #207

Ballast Trains

2023 Freight Operations



"Railroad Logging in the Klamath Country" by Jack Bowden, Oso, 2004.

"Main Streets of the Northwest: Rails from the Rockies to the Pacific". T.O. Repp, Trans-Anglo Books, 1989.

"American Shortline Railway Guide- 2nd Edition". Edward A. Lewis, The Baggage Car, 1978.

"American Shortline Railway Guide". Edward A. Lewis, 3rd Edition (1986); 4th Edition (1991); 5th Edition (1997); Kalmbach.


"Tough Times in Timber Country" by Greg Brown, November 1990 Pacific RailNews (Issue #324): Pgs 24-34.

News Articles from the following:

Pacific RailNews

Flimsies Northwest!

North/West Railfan

More on the Web

Rob Jacox's Klamath Northern page

Western Shortline Rosters Klamath Northern Page